Culture and History

Mutual human and natural activity has created an area of distinctive characteristics as well as of important aesthetic, ecological, natural and cultural value. For this reason, the Geopark is an even more important opportunity to present all these valuable features appropriately, as well as emphasise them and raise awareness of them.

  • Cultural heritage in the Geopark area is varied and includes immovable, movable, immaterial and animate heritage.
  • Movable cultural heritage is maintained and exhibited by the Koroška regional museum, the museum of Podzemlje Pece, the Črna ethnologic collection, the Polhov mill, the Dvornik museum, the Globasnitz museum, on the St. Hema mountain, some local museums, historic buildings and mining structures in the municipalities of Bleiburg/Pliberk, Bad Eisenkappel/Železna Kapla, Feistritz ob Bleiburg/Bistrici pri Pliberku and Prevalje as well as by other private collections.
  • The everyday customs and practices of locals in the Geopark area are only a part of the immaterial heritage, which also includes an oral tradition of fairytales, folktales and legends about King Matjaž, lakes, fairies called Žal žene, the St. Rosalia cave etc., as well as songs and literature. Animate heritage is conserved in the framework of numerous ethnologic and tourism events like the Gradovi Kralja Matjaža (Castles of King Matjaž; foreseen registration for the UNESCO list), Turistični teden v Črni (The Črna Touristic Week), the Kotlje carnival procession, the meeting under the Najevnik linden tree, the Pliberški jormak fair, Farant fair, the Šmihel autumn fair, the Od Pliberka do Traberka singing event etc. More on programmes of the events: and
  • Another two popular venues for art lovers from across Europe are the Werner Berger’s gallery in Bleiburg/Pliberk and the Liaunig museum of contemporary art in Neuhaus/Suha.
  • The work and creations of several important personalities have contributed to promoting the cultural and natural heritage in the Geopark area.

For more on these personalities see:

Cultural and historic sites of the Geopark Karavanke

1. Archaeological site at Javornik in Ravne na Koroškem
2. Archaeological site at Turške šance at Preški vrh
3. St. Ana’s and St. Wolfgang’s churches – twin churches above Leše
4. St. Ursula’s church on Uršlja gora – church with the higest altitude in Slovenia
5. St. Christopher’s effigy by the road to the Seebergsattel
6. Valley of death (Dolina smrti) with the ore manufacture, Žerjav
7. Topla regional park, Črna na Koroškem
8. Iron foundries and ironworks, officals’ and workers’ homes
9. Castle and Koroški pokrajinski muzej (Koroška regional museum), Ravne na Koroškem
10. Museum in Globasnitz
11. St. Michael’s ossuary in Libeliče
12. Matjaževa cave
13. Podzemlje Pece d.o.o., Turistični rudnik in muzej (tourist mine and museum)
14. Povhov mill in Dolga Brda
15. Home of slovenian writer Prežihov Voranc in Preški vrh
16. Miner’s homes
17. St. Hema, temple and remains of a late antique settlement
18. Štopar bridge in Poljana
19. Tabora, Ancient turkish entrenchment
20. Gräbfeld Globasnitz – east/excavations
21. Katharina Kogel church in St. Michael ob Bleiburg


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