Obir Dripstone Caves
THE HEMMABERG / THE ST. HEMA MOUNTAIN INFO POINT – a 1.500-year-old pilgrimage site
During the Migration Period around 400 AD, the Roman and Celtic population around Globasnitz settled on the Hemmaberg / St. Hema Mountain because of the safety the mountain provided.
The mountain settlement was surrounded by a fortification wall, and the first church of the Christian community was built on the edge of the summit plateau around 400 AD.
Around 510 AD, a double church of the Catholic Romans was built, and later, another double church was built by the Ostrogoths who were Arian Christians. The Hemmaberg gradually developed into an important place of pilgrimage.
The Catholic church had a rich interior with mosaic floors, which are partially visible at the Museum of Pilgrims in Globasnitz. The Arian double church only had a mosaic floor in the chancel area. Under the former altar, archaeologists discovered remains of a martyr from the eastern Mediterranean. This was the first early Christian pilgrimage site discovered in Central Europe. With the settlement of pagan Slavs around 600 AD, the pilgrimage site was destroyed by fire.